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GEOGRAPHY & GEOLOGY

 

TOP 10 LAGOONS OF SRI LANKA

1. Negombo Lagoon

2. Chilaw Lagoon

3. Puttalam Lagoon

4. Jaffna Lagoon

5. Nanthi Kadal Lagoon (Mullaittivu)

6. Batticaloa Lagoon

7. Upparu Lagoon (Vakarai)

8. Kokkilai Lagoon

9. Mundal Lagoon (Batulu Oya)

10. Periya Kalappu (Thirukkovil)

 

TOP 10 MOUNTAIN RANGES IN SRI LANKA

1. Knuckles

2. Seven Virgins (Seven Maidens)

3. Hantane

4. Haputale

5. Pidurutalagala

6. Horton Plains

7. Madulsima

8. Rakwana

9. Namunukula (Nine Peaks)

10. Uda Pussellawa (Sleeping Warrior Range)

 

TOP 10 UNIQUE MOUNTAINS IN SRI LANKA

1. Adam’s Peak (Sri Pada), near Maskeliya

2. Bible Rock (Bathalegala Kande), near Kadugannawa

3. Monaragala Rock (Peacock Rock), Moneragala

4. Elephant Rock (Aliya Gala), Kurunegala

5. Westminster Abbey (Govinda Hela), near Siyambalanduwa

6. Frair’s Hood (Welimba Hela), near Maha Oya

7. Duke’s Nose (Nagfani – Hood of Snake), near Hatton

8. Ritigala, near Habarana

9. Thoppigala (Baron’s Cap), near Valachchenai

10. Sphinx Rock, Knuckles Range

 

TOP 10 LONGEST RIVERS OF SRI LANKA

1. Mahaweli Ganga (335 kilometres)

2. Malvathu Ganga (164 kilometres)

3. Kala Oya (148 kilometres)

4. Kelani Ganga (145 kilometres)

5. Yan Oya (142 kilometres)

6. Deduru Oya (142 kilometres)

7. Walawe Ganga (138 kilometres)

8. Maduru Oya (135 kilometres)

9. Maha Oya (134 kilometres)

10. Kalu Ganga (129 kilometres)

 

TOP 10 RESERVOIRS OF SRI LANKA

1. Udawalawe Reservoir

2. Castlereagh Reservoir

3. Victoria Reservoir

4. Randenigala Reservoir

5. Gamini Dissanayake Reservoir

6. Samanalawewa Reservoir

7. Lunugamvehera Reservoir

8. Maskeliya Reservoir

9. Maduru Oya Reservoir

10. Loggaloya Reservoir

 

TOP 10 TANKS/LAKES OF SRI LANKA

1. Giant’s Tank

2. Kala Wewa

3. Minneriya Tank

4. Nuwara Wewa

5. Yoda Wewa

6. Wirawila Wewa

7. Tissa Wewa

8. Mahakandara Wewa

9. Parakarama Samudra

10. Senanayake Samudra

 

TOP 10 HIGHEST MOUNTAINS IN SRI LANKA

1. Pidurutalagala (2,524 metres / 8,281 feet)

2. Kirigalpotta (2,395 metres / 7,858 feet)

3. Thotupola Kanda (2,357 metres / 7,733 feet)

4. Kudahagala (2,320 metres / 7,612 feet)

5. Sri Pada (Adam’s Peak) (2,243 metres / 7,359 feet)

6. Kikilimana (2,240 metres / 7,349 feet)

7. Great Western (2,216 metres / 7,270 feet)

8. Hakgala (2,170 metres / 7,119 feet)

9. Conical Hill (2,166 metres / 7,106 feet)

10. One Tree Hill (2,100 metres / 6,890 feet)

 

TOP 10 MOUNTAIN PASSES IN SRI LANKA

1. Ramboda Pass (Gampola to Nuwara Eliya road)

2. Ginigathena Pass (Kitulgala to Hatton road)

3. Kadugannawa Pass (Balana Pass) (Kegalle to Kandy road)

4. Corbett’s Gap (Rattota to Pallegama road)

5. Fordyce Gap (Batalgala to Agarapatana road)

6. Ella Gap (Wellawaya to Ella road)

7. Buluthota Pass (Rakwana Mountain Range)

8. Haputale Pass (Balangoda to Bandarawela road)

9. Galagedera Pass (Kurunegala to Kandy road)

10. Balakaduwa Pass (Matale to Kandy road)

 

TOP 10 WATERFALLS OF SRI LANKA

1. Diyaluma Falls (220 metres)

2. Bambarakanda Falls (263 metres)

3. Ravana Ella Falls (25 metres)

4. Devon Falls (97 metres)

5. St Clair’s Falls (80 metres)

6. Laxapana Falls (129 metres)

7. Aberdeen Falls (98 metres)

8. Dunhinda Falls (63 metres)

9. Baker’s Falls (20 metres)

10. Ramboda Falls (109 metres)

 

TOP 10 CORAL REEFS OF SRI LANKA

1. Bar Reef Marine Sanctuary, Kalpitiya

2. Hikkaduwa Marine Sanctuary, Hikkaduwa

3. Pigeon Island, Nilaveli

4. Great Basses Reef

5. Little Basses Reef

6. Batticaloa Reef

7. Unawatuna Reef

8. Weligama Reef

9. Kayankerni Reef

10. Negombo Reef

 

TOP 10 ISLANDS OF SRI LANKA

1. Mannar Island

2. Pigeon Island, Nilaveli

3. Elephant Island, Trincomalee

4. Great & Little Sober Islands, Trincomalee

5. Nainativu (Nagadipa), Jaffna

6. Velania (Leiden, Kayts), Jaffna

7. Punkudutivu, Jaffna

8. Neduntivu (Delft), Jaffna

9. Karaituvu, Jaffna

10. Bone Island, Batticaloa

 

TOP 10 CAVES OF SRI LANKA

1. Belilena Cave, Balangoda

2. Batatotalena Cave, Sudagala

3. Ravana Ella Cave, Ella

4. Waulpane Cave (Cave of Bats), Pallebeda

5. Bogoda Cave, Jangulla

6. Sthripura Cave, Welimada

7. Andirilena Cave, Udagama

8. Batadombalena Cave, Kuruwita

9. Pannila Calcarious Cave, Rakwana

10. Pahiyangala (Fa Hien) Cave, Kalutara

11. Mahalenama Cave, near Kumana

12. Aligala (Elephant Rock) Cave, Kandalama

13. Nitro Caves, near Meemure

 

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